Frederick Wiseman (b. 1930) has a long career behind him, and is one of the most important and original documentary filmmakers that are still active today. He was born in the US and studied law at Yale University. The first feature-length film Wiseman produced was The Cool World (1963) before he made his directorial debut with Titicut Follies in 1967. Wiseman’s films are mainly studies of social institutions such as hospitals, libraries and schools. In 2014, Wiseman received the Golden Lion Lifetime Achievement Award at the Venice film festival.